Two-day workshop

Two-day workshop: ‘The role of Norway, Chile and Argentina as Original Claimants and Current Guardians of Peace, Science and Environmental Protection in Antarctica’ Date: 13-14 June, 2015 Location: Arctic University of Norway, UiT Organizer: Alejandra Mancilla, alejandra.mancilla@ifikk.uio.no   1. Content Famously in its Article 2, the Madrid Protocol (1989) celebrates Antarctica as ‘a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science.’ By adding the concern for the environment to the traditional antarctic values of peace and science established by the Antarctic Treaty (AT), the Protocol helped create a ‘new trinity of high values’ (as Alan Hemmings called it) through which all issues in the continent ought to be approached. Together with other four countries (UK, Australia, New Zealand and France), Norway, Chile and Argentina share a threefold role regarding the Antarctic continent: they are original signatories of the AT, consultative parties (CPs) in its periodic meetings, and they all possess sovereignty claims over the continent – claims that, however ‘frozen’ by the AT, give these countries a distinctive status regarding their influence over Antarctic matters. This distinctive status stands out especially when it comes to discussing the present and future policies and governance regimes in the area, and to negotiating the ways to address new challenges to the above mentioned trinity of values. Among these challenges today are the steady growth of tourism, marine harvesting and bioprospecting; the ongoing pressure over the Antarctic’s non-living resources (minerals, gas and oil) and surrounding seas and seabed; and the effects of climate change in the continent, with consequences for the world at large. The purpose of this two-day workshop is to bring together Norwegian and Latin American scholars for whom Antarctica is a relevant subject matter and let them reflect and exchange views under an overarching research question: ought we to uphold Antarctica’s status as a global natural reserve for peace and science, or is this an increasingly outdated approach that should be rethought, given the new challenges confronting the continent and the world at large? More specific questions to be posed are: How do Norwegian, Chilean and Argentinian researchers working on Antarctic topics reconcile their countries’ latent sovereignty claims with the idea of the continent as being part of the ‘common heritage of mankind’? How is Norway’s approach to Antarctica different or similar to the approach of these two Latin American countries? What do these researchers think will be the Antarctic agenda for the 21st century? The theoretical framework of the seminar will thus be settled by questions from the field of political philosophy, but the answers will come from an interdisciplinary group, among whom will be some natural scientists and leaders of different areas of the Antarctic Programs in their respective countries. The workshop has been generously funded by the Norwegian Latin America Research Network (NorLARNet), and is sponsored by the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature (CSMN), University of Oslo, and by the Arctic University of Norway (UiT).   2. Preliminary program SATURDAY 13TH JUNE
    • 10-10.15 Intro and welcome
    • 10.15-11.15 Øyvind Stokke. ‘Antarctica as a global commons.’
    • 11.30-12.30 Kristin Tilli. ‘How damaging is the growing number of climate change tourists and other adventurers in regards to the environment in Antarctica?’
    • 12.30-14.00 Lunch
    • 14-15 Juan Francisco Salazar. TBC.
    • 15.15-16.15 Gustavo Ramírez. ‘Jurisdiction under the Antarctic Treaty System.’
    • 19 Dinner
SUNDAY 14TH JUNE
  • 10-11 Alejandra Mancilla. ‘The normative grounds of sovereignty claims in Antarctica.’
  • 11.15-12.15 Birgit Njåstad. TBC.
  • 12.15-13.45 Lunch
  • 13.45-14.45 José Retamales. TBC.
  • 15-16 Espen Gamlund. TBC.
  • 16.15-17.15 Wrap up and discussion
  19 Dinner   3. Brief cv of the speakers  
  • ESPEN GAMLUND is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Bergen. He works in ethics and political philosophy, with a special interest in applied ethics. He has published papers on different topics in environmental ethics. Among them, ‘Reconsidering Approaches to Moral Status’ (with Kristian Skagen Ekeli), in Ethics, Policy & Environment 14.3 (2011): 361-375; ‘Arne Næss og dypøkologiens fremtid’, in Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 47.4 (2012): 229-244; and ‘Etiske perspektiver på dyr og miljø’, in G. Larsen, R. Sollund & M. Tønnessen (red.) Hvem er villest i landet her? Menneskets forbruk og kontroll av dyr, Oslo: Spartacus Forlag, 2013.
  • ALEJANDRA MANCILLA, the workshop convenor, is a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature (CSMN), Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo. After receiving her Ph.D. in Philosophy at the Australian National University, Mancilla is working on the project “My Land, Your Land, Our Land”, the main objective of which is to elucidate and assess the normative grounds of claims made over land and natural resources. From July onwards, Mancilla will be working on a postdoctoral research project at the Instituto Antártico Chileno (INACH) entitled ‘Melting claims: Antarctica as a challenge for theories of territorial and resource rights, and as a conceptual locus for rethinking the normative grounds of sovereignty claims over natural resources.’
  • BIRGIT NJÅSTAD is leader of the Polar Environmental Management section a researcher and Antarctic’s expert at the Norwegian Polar Institute, Tromsø.She holds national and international responsibilities within the field of Antarctic management and policy development and has been responsible for and contributor to a number of studies and assessments related to Arctic and Antarctic environmental management. She is the co-author of the book Norway in the Antarctic (Oslo: Schibsted forlag, 2008), and of ‘Future challenges in Environmental Management of National Antarctic Programs’, published in Antarctic Futures (2014), pp. 87-306.
  • GUSTAVO RAMÍREZ holds a Law degree from Universidad de los Andes (Santiago de Chile) and currently works at Universidad de Magallanes (Punta Arenas, Chile) as a lecturer in History of Law, History of Chilean Institutions and as Adjunct Lecturer of Constitutional Law. He collaborates with the Department of Antarctic Programmes of the same institution, where he teaches master students on the legal aspects of Antarctica, as well as on the Antarctic Treaty System. He has written the monographs ‘Presencia militar en la Antártica’ (‘Military Presence in Antarctica’) and ‘Toponimia Antártica’ (‘Antarctic Toponymy’).
  • KRISTIN TILLI is a Masters student at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oslo. Her thesis examines Arne Næss’s deep ecology as an answer for contemporary ecological challenges, and she is interested in the similar environmental challenges confronted by the Arctic and the Antarctic continents, and how their neighboring countries approach them. Among her recent publications is ‘Species egalitarianism and the environment’ published in a special issue of Nordicum-Mediterraneum, Icelandic e-journal of Nordic and Mediterranean studies (<nome.unak.is/nm-marzo-2012/vol-9-no-3- 2014>).
  • JOSÉ RETAMALES is the director of the Chilean Antarctic Institute (INACH) since 2003, and was the Chairman of the Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs (COMNAP) from 2006 until 2010. He holds a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Bradford, United Kingdom.
  • JUAN FRANCISCO SALAZAR is an anthropologist and media scholar/practitioner. He currently holds an Associate Professor position in communication and media studies at the School of Humanities and Communication Arts and has been a member of the Institute for Culture and Society since 2006. His research interests and expertise center on media anthropology; visual/digital ethnographies; citizens’ media; Indigenous media and communication rights in Chile and Latin America; documentary cinemas; environmental communication; climate change; future studies; cultural studies of Antarctica. From 2010 he is a member of the executive committee of the Social |Sciences Expert Group of the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR) of which he was co-convenor between 2012-2014.